The political crisis that culminated in the resignation of Bolivian President Evo Morales and Vice President Alvaro García Linera on Sunday began a day after the October 20 elections. In a questioned outcome that led to increasingly radical street protests, the president and his closest power group, such as the deputy, could not stand the popular pressure.
Despite presenting social and economic achievements
during the campaign, Evo was also affected by corruption scandals and
accusations of an authoritarian twist. On election day, a first count
quickly pointed out that Evo got 43.9% of the votes, while the opponent Carlos Mesa
won 39.4%, which said there could be fraud.
At first, the rapid vote counting system of the
Supreme Electoral Court provided for a second round between Evo and Mesa. At the
However, after 20 hours without further information on the progress of the count, the
court went on to indicate a Morales victory in the first round and then
then the president reelected with 47.08% of votes against 36.51% of
In a Twitter video, Mesa said the court had broken his word by not disclosing the recount until 100% of the ballot box was cleared. According to him, the agency released only one report through TREP – the country's electoral monitoring system – when 80% of the ballot boxes were cleared, and interrupted the recount.
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A day later, the Bolivian government and an Organization of American States (OAS) observation mission agreed to establish a “permanent follow-up team” for tabulating the general elections.
Street mobilizations began when the electoral authorities, without any explanation, resumed the evening of Monday (October 21) the recount of votes that was interrupted the day before. Protesters set fire to ballot boxes and polling stations, unions and business organizations.
Request for second shift
On October 23, the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS) met to discuss the state of Bolivia's presidential elections. The conclusion was that several principles governing a democratic election have been violated and that, given the tight margin, the best option is to secure a second round of elections.
In addition to the OAS, civil society entities and the opposition
continued accusing the Bolivian president of orchestrating a fraud to
win in the first round with the help of the electoral authorities. Evo, by
in turn denounced that "a coup d'état was in the process" in
reference to the protests. "I want the Bolivian people to know that so far
we humbly endure to avoid violence and we do not come into
confrontation, "he said.
The count gave Evo the victory in the first round, which
caused more protests in the country, with 29 injured and 57 arrested. According to
official results of the Supreme Electoral Court, Evo had 47.8% of the votes and
Table, 36.51%. But after the demonstrations, he promised to hold a second
turn if a review of the vote count that gave you the first win
shift find evidence of fraud in an attempt to calm the sixth day
of international protest and criticism over his reelection to a fourth
On October 30, Bolivia and the OAS agreed to conduct an audit of the outcome of the presidential election. The foreign minister added that the audit would be "binding", ie its conclusion should be accepted by the OAS and the Bolivian government.
But the protests intensified after the audit began. Popular assemblies in the cities of La Paz and Santa Cruz reject the check and demand a new vote without Evo. Popular assemblies, with the participation of thousands, have decided to keep street protests, strikes and roadblocks until new elections are held. The Santa Cruz committee also called for the immediate resignation of Evo and the vice.
“Blow on the way”
At a rally on November 3, Luis Fernando Camacho, head of a powerful civil entity in the rich Santa Cruz region, issued an ultimatum to Morales to resign within 48 hours, and called on the military to "stand with the people." " Camacho, leader of the Santa Cruz Civic Committee, read a letter addressed to the chiefs of the armed forces, who asked them to "be on the side of the people" in the crisis.
Bolivian Foreign Minister Diego Pary
stated on November 4 that there was a "coup d'etat on the way" in the
parents. The minister did not rule out the possibility of a second round. Pary
stated that the Morales government has committed to the OAS to "comply with
decision that will be made "after the audit initiated by the organization.
Police units in the cities of Cochabamba (center), Sucre (southeast) and Santa Cruz (east) rebelled against Evo Morales' controversial electoral victory and demanded the resignation of the president, who denounced an ongoing "coup" in Bolivia.
Santa Cruz command agents closed the unit and
several police officers climbed the roof of the building with Bolivian flags, such as
rebels in Cochabamba.
Police officers outside the Bolivian presidential palace in La Paz left their posts and mutinied in a barracks on Saturday. The site was protected only by officers and non-commissioned officers.
Police groups were openly unhappy with the country's government. His demands include better working conditions and the resignation of the president.
On November 10, Bolivia's Armed Forces and Police Chief Commander, General Williams Kaliman, asked President Evo Morales to resign amid protests lasting three weeks. Earlier, Evo announced the convening of new presidential elections and the renewal of the Supreme Electoral Court's judiciary after the OAS pointed out a series of voting irregularities.
An hour after General Williams Kalin's statement, Evo
Morales announced his resignation on television. "I resign from my post of
president so that (Carlos) Mesa and (Luis Fernando) Camacho do not follow
chasing social leaders, "said Evo, referring to the leaders
opponents who have called protests against him since the day after the elections
from October 20th. Morales was the longest-running Latin American president in