Parents and teachers need to recognize that private speech is a vital part of cognitive development children. The development and use of private speech is important to comprehend. As children gain control over their behavior, private speech do not occur frequently in its fully expanded form. Private speech or self talk occurs mostly when the individual involved has a hard time solving a problem at hand or is unfamiliar wit how to proceed with a dilemma. Self regulating through private speech plays a vital role in self control because children who learn this at an early age can benefit from self regulation by learning control.
Researchers have noticed six varieties of private speech. Egocentric communication is what they call remarks that are directed to another individual that make no sense from the perspective of the listener. It could be just a statement of a fact which does not need any affirmation from either speaker or listener. Fantasy play is the kind of private speech that happens when a child plays a role and talks to inanimate objects or makes up sounds or speech for them. This could either be a dialogue or just the child talking to other inanimate objects which do not need any response.
Emotional release private speech is self talk which has comments not directed to any particular listener that expresses feelings or those talks that seem to try to review emotions about past events. This kind of self talk usually occurs when the child or person feels an extreme feeling thus releasing emotions by saying how he feels out loud. Self-direction is the kind of self talk that occurs when a child describes the present situation he or she experiences for example is when he or she indicates directions and communicate these directions through words.
Reading aloud can also be described as private speech when a child reads books or other materials out loud. This does not need response since the child or individual is just reading facts which he himself is assimilating but there is no apparent cause for intense thinking except for comprehension of what is being read. The last kind of private speech is inaudible mutterings and these are utterances which are said very quietly that they are indistinguishable to observers or listeners. This self talk is usually just letting out some ideas which may occur to the person and may have no need for solving.
These different kinds of private speeches are similar but also different from each other. The more constructive kind of private speech is the self directed one wherein we encourage ourselves or guide ourselves in what to do when we encounter a difficult situation or obstacle. This is the self talk that helps us gain independence and confidence in things that we do because we know that we can solve problems or situations when they present themselves.
Children sometimes leave out words and phrases of things that they already know about in a familiar situation. In their private speech, they only mention aspects that they are still unfamiliar with or may seem puzzling to them. When dealt with a familiar situation, the child does not need private speech to coach him or to guide him in what to do since he already knows what the situation may bring. The child soon begins to say lesser words out loud as he matures and may begin to review their thoughts internally. This means they are old enough not to need coaching from themselves or prodding to do something verbally. Private speech or self talk becomes silent inner speech during maturity period and becomes a meditation process in the long run.