23:15 07.11.2019 (updated 00:05 08.11.2019) Short URL
Brazil's vote against a UN resolution denouncing the US trade embargo on Cuba illustrates a radical change in Brazil's geopolitical insertion strategy, believes an expert heard today by Sputnik.
For Numa Mazat, professor at the Institute of Economics of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), such a change had already been inaugurated during Michel Temer's presidency, but is being considerably radicalized by the government.
by Jair Bolsonaro.
On Thursday, the Brazilian government voted against a United Nations resolution condemning and calling for an end to the US embargo on Cuba. The unprecedented posture adopted by Brasilia alters a Brazilian diplomatic position adopted since 1992, when the condemnation of the embargo was first voted.
In all, the resolution voted again in the UN General Assembly plenary received 187 favorable votes, three against (Brazil, the US and Israel) and two abstentions (Colombia and Ukraine).
"Indeed, since the re-democratization, Brazilian foreign policy has been characterized by a tendency towards non-alignment, particularly in relation to the United States (despite their influence on the country). Moreover, the period of government of the PT had been associated with an inflection of foreign policy towards greater support for South-South initiatives (particularly in the case of Latin American integration), "said the scholar in an interview with Sputnik Brazil.
According to the professor, with the stance revealed today, the Bolsonaro government clearly shows that it intends to put an end to three "relatively rooted traditions in Brazilian foreign insertion": non-systematic alignment with the US, solidarity with the countries of the so-called global South and attempt to build a "benevolent" regional leadership in Latin America, "respecting the characteristics of each country".
"It is significant that in this vote, only three countries 'accompanied' Brazil, besides the USA: Israel, by voting against, and Colombia and Ukraine, by abstaining. These are nations that are in direct dependence. For the military and financial aid. Thinking in Latin America, this may foreshadow a 'Colombian' path, where Brazil would become a kind of 'protectorate' of the US (as happened through Plan Colombia), "he says.
For Mazat, such radicalization, marked by the exaltation of ideological content and this strategy of "full alignment with the US in international affairs", in addition to altering Brazil's traditional position, can also "prove extremely harmful."
Opinions expressed in this regard may not necessarily coincide with those of Sputnik's editorial office.