Simple Attitudes Make The Car Tank Render Much More
With these tips you will see the gas station less often:
Even the cheapest models today have green tires, low rolling resistance, gearshift indicator, economy and even start-stop, which shuts off the engine at stops to save fuel.
But the consumption of a car does not just depend on the car. The way you drive and the care you have with your car also greatly influence the performance of the tank.
Here are some examples of simple attitudes that can help increase the supply gap.
1 – Take it with the accelerator
Today the throttle has no mechanical connection to the engine. The connection is by wires.
Starting fast and then maintaining a constant speed is no longer efficient. When stepping deeper, more air is admitted by the engine, requiring more fuel for the firing to occur. Emissions of pollutants also increase in this situation.
Making the engine come to high turns is even worse. From a certain rotation, more gas is injected into the combustion chambers just to cool the engine.
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The best thing to do is to gain speed slowly, without sudden accelerations, following the gearshift indicator and/or the economy meter, if any. They interpret the way you drive, the incline of the track, the fuel and the position of the pedal and establish the most efficient way to drive the vehicle.
On the road, feel free to jump from the first to the third gear, keeping the engine always within the ideal range of rotation.
On vehicles with automatic gearshift, avoid kick-down which is the reduction of a gear engaged by pressing the accelerator pedal until the end of its stroke.
If you have a long driving time ahead, use the most economical. It will change the map of the accelerator pedal, giving the feeling that the car has lost force. In fact, the engine starts delivering its torque more evenly between force and efficiency.
2 – Do not run
Consumption increases according to speed, but this ratio varies from car to car.
Recent testing with Long-Duration cars has shown how speed increases the consumption of a car. With Fiat Argo, at 120 km / h consumption was 30.2% higher than at 80 km / h. With Renault Kwid, however, the difference was 40.3%.
In practice, on a 500 km journey with the compact Renault would be spent $ 161.62 with gasoline at 120 km / h. At 80 km / h, the cost would be $ 96.50.
This is a rather extreme example, but it shows that you can greatly reduce your spending with a small increase in travel time. The impact on day-to-day journeys would be small, but it would have an impact on spending at the end of the month.
3 – Fine-Tuned tires perform better
The difference between the calibrated and the unbalanced tire is visible and sensitive, both in dynamic behavior and in consumption.
Tires with low rolling resistance can reduce fuel consumption by up to 8%, with reduced CO2 emissions by up to 5%. The secret lies in the greater amount of silica in the rubber composition, replacing the carbon black. This reduces rolling resistance by up to 40% and also increases tire durability.
But it is of no use the special tires if they are not maintained with the correct pressure established by the manufacturer.
According to Marcio Maia, Renault engine engineer, in a car whose ideal tire pressure is 32 psi, running at 22 psi increases fuel consumption by 20% – far more than the reduction promised by the tires. The tires will deform more, too, which will decrease their durability in the medium and long-term.
Some cars have higher pressure indication for fuel economy. The downside is the running comfort will be hampered.
Another issue that directly affects the tires and the consumption is the alignment of the steering. If it is out of the standard stipulated by the manufacturer the engine will make a much greater effort, resulting in greater rubber and fuel expense (up to 10%).
4 – Try to predict traffic
In slow traffic, avoid stops as much as possible.
Keep the vehicle’s speed evenly avoiding situations of heavy traffic and stop and run.
Nothing spends more fuel than putting the car in motion. To do this, keep away from the front car and pay attention to two or three cars that are ahead of it. So you can make decisions in advance, how to calculate whether a lane change will stop the car from being stopped, or whether you just take your foot off the accelerator instead of using the brake.
This works and we prove it in a story. Three drivers took the same course twice: the first using their own style and the second with the techniques of anticipation and gear shifts in the right time: the reduction in consumption was up to 44% .5
5 – Put the motor brake to work
When reducing a gear the engine helps to slow down.
This is intrinsically connected to smooth driving. If there is a red light at 200 m, first take your foot off the accelerator and then reduce the gears progressively before resorting to the brakes. You do not waste time losing it, but it avoids car wear and saves fuel.
When reducing gear without accelerating, the fuel injection in the engine is interrupted: no matter how much the rotation increases, no milliliter of fuel is burned.
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6 – Use air – Conditioned in moderation
Modern air-conditioning system is more efficient
Electric steering, so common today, does not rob engine or hydraulic power. But still are very rare cars with air conditioning that does not depend on the engine of the car and use an electric motor for it.
The air-conditioning on can increase consumption by more than 5%. As some hot countries, it may not be worth the discomfort to have this economy. But it’s worth pondering the use in mild weather days.
In some cars, such as the Toyota Corolla and the Ford EcoSport, the air-conditioning compressor has variable volume (between 5% and 100%), which allows for more efficient system management, taking in less power from the engine.
To benefit from this, just avoid leaving the cabin colder than necessary.
7 – The mechanic
Do not neglect maintenance. The deregulated car spends and pollutes more. Saturated filters compromise the mixing of air and fuel. Spent engine sparkles damage the ignition. Do not neglect maintenance.
The spark plugs are responsible for igniting the fuel inside the engine. If they are exhausted, consumption can increase by up to 25%. Saturated air filter or clogged oil and fuel can each make the engine spend 20% more fuel. It is the worst of all worlds.
The car will be spending more fuel and will perform poorly. Solving all this will hardly cost more than $ 200.
You should also change the engine oil in the right time frames. A poor or overdue oil increases the engine internal friction. Thus, part of the energy that would go to the wheels is lost with increased engine warm-up.
8 – Empty your car
Carry only what is really needed
Take in the trunk only what is really needed
Are you one of those who do not fill the tank so the car does not get heavy? Its strategy has logic, but the impact of this is small. 50 kg more in the car increases consumption by 1%. Considering that a liter of alcohol or gasoline weighs on average 720 g, the tank of the car should have 70 l of capacity to impact consumption by 1%.
But today’s tanks rarely exceed 50 l. But it is possible to achieve a significant weight reduction if you remove some junk from the car. It’s the toolbox, the umbrella and the forgotten pieces of clothing in the trunk, for example.
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9 – Foster aerodynamics
Carrying objects such as a bicycle outside harms aerodynamics and worsens the consumption
Bicycle outside harms the aerodynamics and worsens consumption, the more aerodynamic your car is, the lower the air resistance and the greater the fuel economy. It’s understood that this issue depends a lot on the design and design of the car, but you can do your part.