The findings are 3,500 years old, revealing a funerary craft production chain.
By Ingrid Luisa
Oct 14, 2019, 7:35 pm – Posted Oct 14, 2019, 7:29 pm
Luxor, the ancient Thebes, was the heart of ancient Egypt. It was the capital of the Empire during a glorious period, between 1550 BC and 1070 BC, the time of pharaohs like Tutankhamun, Seth, and Rameses. Its huge temples and the impressive Valley of the Kings, set of 62 tombs of the Egyptian pharaohs, are among the most sought after tourist destinations in the country.
Now a new discovery in the city has surprised archaeologists: they have found an "industrial area" dating back 3,500 years ago. At the site, consisting of 30 workshops and a large ceramic-burning furnace, artisans participated in a veritable supply chain of decorative tombs, furniture and ceramics for royal tombs, announced the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities. This conglomerate is located in a place known as the “Monkey Valley,” located on the western bank of the Nile in Luxor.
In addition to decorative vases and jars, the researchers also found a large number of period-made decorative elements used in the decoration of wooden sarcophagi, such as gold leaf and some ornaments called the “Wing of Horus” – a tribute. to the deity associated with death and resurrection.
Archaeologists also found deposits used to store water and food, as well as a well, which at the time kept water accessible to workers. All artifacts are believed to date from the Eighteenth Egyptian Dynasty, which lasted from 1539 BC to 1292 BC. The valley, a difficult site to excavate, has given researchers work: they removed more than 3,000 stones to access the wreckage. .
According archaeologist Zahi Hawassexcavation leader, this is an unprecedented discovery: “So far, everything we knew about the Luxor region came from the tombs and temples, but this new discovery will allow us to shed light on the tools and techniques used to make the coffins. and the furniture placed in the tombs ”.
According to him, this is the first time that an “industrial zone” of funeral crafts has been found in Egypt. With these new artifacts, researchers believe they will be able to investigate more information about the lives of artisans who worked there.